Students of political democratization have employed the notion of “democratic consolidation” in unclear and inconsistent ways. The article reconstructs and. Much of the literature on ‘democratic consolidation’ has adopted a forward‐ looking, future‐oriented perspective. Rather than studying past regimes, it tries to . Andreas Schedler, who is currently attached to the Facultad Latinoamericana de possibly most, students of democratic consolidation are studying today’s.
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University of Oklahoma Press, At this point, with people using the concept any way they like, nobody can be sure what it means to others, but schefler maintain the illusion of speaking to one another in some comprehensible way. What is Democratic Consolidation? Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Don’t have an account?
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Publications Pages Publications Pages. Linz and Stepan offer an intuitive definition of consolidation—a democracy is consolidated when no political actors seek to overthrow it. Sign up for My OBO. He supports this conclusion with evidence of crisis management in Latin America.
The most widely accepted criteria for identi-fying a country as democratic have been put forward by Robert Dahl—civil and political rights plus fair, competitive, and inclusive elections. Consolidation of new democracies requires strong political institutions, horizontal as well as vertical accountability, the rule of law, a vibrant civil society, and improved economic performance, which all generate legitimacy for the regime.
Viewpoints and Horizons
Although Diamond consolidatiob theories that privilege preconditions the success of consolidation, he also suggests that consolidation may take many different paths. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.
View freely available titles: Sign in via your Institution. This article focuses on the institutional, economic, social, and international causes of democratic consolidation as distinct from democratization.
demoxratic Book titles OR Journal titles. Cornell University Press, Instead, the authors suggest that consolidation is a process of stabilization, routinization, and institutionalization of patterns of political behavior. He pushes this argument further by proposing that imperfect democracies that are not fully and formally institutionalized can also endure.
Democratic Consolidation – Political Science – Oxford Bibliographies
Others argue that consolidation is the result of deliberate choices made by political actors. General Overviews Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation. A democracy becomes consolidated—that is, it is expected to endure—when political actors accept the legitimacy of democracy and no actor seeks to act outside democratic institutions for both normative and self-interested reasons.
Introduction A democracy becomes consolidated—that is, it is expected to endure—when political actors accept the legitimacy of democracy and no actor seeks to act outside democratic institutions for both normative and self-interested reasons.
For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. Please subscribe or login. Although he acknowledges that individual choices are conditioned by context-specific issues, Alexander makes the argument that elites must choose democracy and often do so for self-interested reasons. Related Articles about About Related Articles close popup. Schedler suggests that behavioral evidence is superior to attitudinal and economic evidence because it is more proximate to the phenomenon of interest: These imperfect democracies can endure despite the lack of a close fit between formal rules and political behavior.
Schedler and Munck and Verkuilen discuss issues related to the conceptualization of democracy and the measurement of consolidation. The use of one and the same term for vastly different things only simulates a shared common language; in fact, the reigning conceptual disorder is acting as a powerful barrier to scholarly communication, theory building, and the accumulation of knowledge.
The way in which to measure and define consolidation, therefore, is debated by scholars in the field. For example, although there is no consensus on whether economic growth and prospects for democratization are positively linked, scholars generally agree that economic growth contributes to democratic consolidation. Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation.
Schmitter and Karl echoes this view and further stresses that consolidated democracies will not be able, nor should be expected, to solve all sociopolitical problems. Instead, he suggests that if consolidation is determined by whether a democracy will endure, then typologies of polyarchy must include informally institutionalized democracies—those in which actors act for particularistic rather than universalistic reasons.
The Sources of Democratic Consolidation.
Meanwhile, the role of civil society is as ambiguous in consolidation as it is in democratization. Schedler tackles the expanding field of definitions of democratic consolidation.
Johns Hopkins University Press,