Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. The Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) was the tool used to ascertain catatonia signs in study patients. The first 14 items of the BFCRS make up the.

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Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS)

Resignation syndrome RS designates a long-standing disorder predominately affecting psychologically traumatized children and adolescents in the midst of a strenuous and lengthy migration process.

Catatonia ratings with the BFCRS predicted a high probability of treatment responsiveness to lorazepam. Case 1 exhibited catatonia with vascular dementia, and was revealed to have anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome. Abstract Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that not only frequently occurs in the context of schizophrenia but also in other conditions.

Prevalence of catatonia is almost equal in patients with schizophrenia and mood disorders. This does not mean that catatonic ratung do not occur in other illnesses and in particular in organic psychoses. These are, however, of a totally different nature.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) – PsychTools

Review of three criteria-based definitions 1115 They were initially given parental lorazepam at the doses ranging from mg per day as per requirement.

Hyperbaric oxygen treatments may reduce the rate of development, and symptom improvement has been reported with stimulants and other psychotropic agents. Catatonia is a cluster of motor features that appears in many recognized psychiatric illnesses, that according to the DSM-5 it is not linked as a subtype to schizophrenia anymore.


Descriptions of disorders resembling RS can be found in the literature and the condition is unlikely novel. There are seven case reports of neurologic decompensation during ECT treatment after a cerebral hypoxic event. Psychogenic catatonia is proposed to supply the best fit with the clinical presentation. Developments, reliability and use.

Ten point rating lines are used for the ten criterion performance elements of each of three maneuvers, 1 Final Turn to Landing, 2 Lazy Eight, and 3 Vertical S “A”. Arq Neuropsiquiatr, 75, Currently, the pathobiology remains widely unknown.

Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by dysregulation of the motor system. Successful use of right unilateral ECT for catatonia: At the end of the ECT course, fracnis patients While devising a separate category of catatonia as a nonspecific syndrome has heuristic value, it may be equally if not more important to re-examine the psychopathological basis for defining psychomotor symptoms as catatonic and to re-establish psychomotor phenomena as a fundamental symptom dimension or criterion for both psychotic and mood disorders.

The scores of items 1 through 17 may not be weighted sufficiently to detect treatment effects. The diagnosis of schizophrenia with catatonic features may be avoided in research settings. Findings of this study support the hypothesis that NIC and NMS are disorders on the same spectrum and reveal no indication that extrapyramidal reactions progress to NIC.

Emotional aspects of catatonia vary clinically between psychomotor retardation and extreme excitability. It is quickly treatable to remission by benzodiazepines and by ECT.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Clozapine may be a gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA receptor agonist; sudden clozapine withdrawal may explain a sudden decrease in GABA activity that may contribute to the development of catatonic symptoms in vulnerable patients. We describe the clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes of a sample of inpatients with bipolar disorder with severe catatonic features resistant to pharmacological treatment.


Catatonia is an underdiagnosed syndrome that may occur in severely ill patients. No information on gender is available Wong, Ungvari, Leung and Tang, Despite the many etiologies, catatonia may be a life-threatening condition with a specific treatment.

Catatonia After Cerebral Hypoxia: Katatonia seems to be associated with a favorable prognosis, when diagnosed and treated promptly. The speech catatonic symptoms, previously refractory to various antipsychotics, responded promptly to lorazepam, a benzodiazepine with documented efficacy in the treatment of acute catatonia but not chronic catatonia.

Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome which has historically been associated with schizophrenia.

Periodic catatonia with long-term treatment: Most patients became catatonia -free within one day but some may require up to a week. Admission length and days with catatonia were frrancis as outcome measures.

In contrast, general psychiatrists tend to consider catatonia as related to schizophrenia, which may be the reason why the diagnosis of our patient was difficult.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

American Psychiatric Press, Inc; sxale Further prospective studies examining the natural course are needed, which could have significant implications on future classificatory systems.

Springer Science Business Media, Inc. Although considered more common in low income countries, data is particularly sparse in these settings.