Wimsatt and Beardsley were New Critics: The Extreme Version. In two famous co -authored essays—”The Affective Fallacy” () and “The Intentional Fallacy”. In literary theory and aesthetics, authorial intent refers to an author’s intent as it is encoded in Wimsatt and Monroe Beardsley argue in their essay “The Intentional Fallacy” that “the design or intention of the author is neither available nor. The Intentional Fallacy, according to Wimsatt, derives from Wimsatt and Beardsley consider this strategy a fallacy partly.

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But this is not so. If there was nothing “haphazard or fortuitous” in the way the images returned to the surface, that may mean 1 that Coleridge could not produce what he did not have, that he was limited in his creation by what he had read or otherwise experienced, or 2 that having received certain clusters of associations, he was bound to return them in just the way he did, and that the value of the poem may be described in terms of the experiences on which he had to draw.

In such a case, to utter “I do” is not merely to report an internal disposition, but to perform an action, namely, to get married.

Such wlmsatt may take the form of certain images or motifs, for example. Our point is that such an answer to such an inquiry would have nothing to do with the poem ” Prufrock “; it would not be a critical inquiry.

William K. Wimsatt

For Marxists especially those of the Soviet realism typeauthorial intent is manifest in the text and must be placed in a context of liberation and the materialist dialectic. Professor Ducasse does not say. For Marxist literary theorists, the author’s intent is always a dallacy for a particular set of ideologies in the author’s own day.

Will you believe wumsatt II It is not so much a historical statement as a definition to say that the intentional fallacy is a romantic one.

In certain flourishes such as the sentence we have quoted and in chapter headings like “The Shaping Spirit,” “The Magical Synthesis,” “Imagination.

In psychoanalytic criticismthe author’s biography and unconscious beardeley were seen as part of the text, and therefore the author’s intent could be revived from a literary text—although the intent might be an unconscious one. Perhaps faloacy knowledge of Donne’s interest in the new science may add another shade of meaning, an overtone to the stanza in question, though to say even this runs against the words.


Nevertheless, we submit that this is the true and objective way of criticism, as contrasted to what the very uncertainty of exegesis might tempt a second kind of critic to undertake: The strongest voices countering an emphasis on authorial intent in scholarly editing have been D.

Is Prufrock thinking about Donne?

Such an formalist approach makes literary meaning accessible to any reader. A poem does not come into existence by accident. Literary criticism Literary theory Narratology Intention Philosophy of literature.


But even a short lyric poem is dramatic, the response of a speaker no matter how abstractly conceived to a situation no matter how universalized. And the paradox is only verbal and superficial that what is 1 internal is also public: Because intermediate evidence is so similar to external evidence; the two will sometimes overlap, making it difficult to distinguish between them.

The young imagination fired by Wordsworth and Carlyle is probably closer to the verge of producing a poem than the mind. This may be the case especially when authorial notes intenrional a text as they do with T. One demands that it work. In one quatrain of the poem, Donne uses astronomical language that may reflect changing Renaissance attitudes toward science. Geardsley biographical information doesn’t necessarily entail intentionalism; instead it may clarify the meanings of the words, the nuances of imagery, anv the literary text.

I know two golden rules from ethics, which are no less golden in Composition, than in life. It is difficult to answer argument like this, and impossible to answer it with evidence of like nature.

Authorial intent

The present writers, in a short article entitled “Intention” for a Dictionary 1 of literary criticism, raised the issue but were unable to pursue its implications at any length. Dictionary of World Literature, Joseph T.

But it seems doubtful if this claim and most of its romantic corollaries are as yet subject to any widespread questioning. The art of inspiring poets, or at least of inciting something like poetry in young persons, has probably gone further in our day than ever before.

These are known as intentionalists and are identified with the Bowers-Tanselle school of thought. Certainly the poets have had something to say that the critic and professor could not say; their message has been more exciting: There is no reason why Donne might not have written a stanza in which the two kinds of celestial motion stood for two sorts of emotion at parting. Ad one gathers from notes that an author is alluding to a specific event, then the reader may turn to trying to interpret the work in the context of the author’s intentions.


If the distinction between kinds of evidence has implications for the historical critic, it has them no less for the contemporary poet and his critic. Bartram’s Travels contains a good deal of the history of certain words and of certain romantic Floridian conceptions that appear in ” Kubla Khan.

We mean to suggest by the above analysis that whereas notes tend to seem to justify themselves as external indexes to the author’s intention, yet they ought to be judged like any other parts of a composition verbal arrangement special to a particular contextand when so judged their reality as parts of the poem, or their imaginative integration with the rest of the poem, may come into question. If the poet succeeded in doing beatdsley, then the poem itself shows what he was trying to do.

A Critical Summary of intentional fallacy_百度文库

The question of “allusiveness,” wmisatt example, as acutely posed by the poetry of Eliot, is certainly one where a false judgment is likely to involve the intentional fallacy.

Paul de Man offers a significant critique of Wimsatt’s text, taken as an example of the understanding of the notion of ‘autonomy’ in New Criticism, in Blindness and Insight. The stand taken by F. Although this material may have appeared before beardsleh Khan,” say Wimsatt and Beardsley, this origin “can never be and need not be known in the verbal and hence intellectual composition which is the poem” He intended to write a better work, or a better work of a certain kind, and now has done it.

It could also include historical information or wimstt about the time period or culture when a piece of literature was produced. Wimsatt was interviewed, along with Walter J.