Heterosis breeding is used to improve yield quantity and quality of Tomato ( Solanum Exploitation of hybrid vigor in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is economical and easy International Journal of Vegetable Science. study. Yield and leaf area showed highly significant heterosis in F1 hybrids ranging from to % and .. Harayana Agricultural University Journal of. Seven F1 wheat hybrids were tested at two different spacings of the plants within the rows. Although some crosses exhibited heterosis none yielded significantly.

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Heterosis and combining ability for ornamental chili pepper

Retrieved from website Kamble, C. However, for ornamental purposes, small-sized plants are preferred for pot cultivation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Heterosis and heterobeltiosis evaluation were conducted in a field experiment at Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute from March until October using a randomized block design, replicated 3 times.

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Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil

Regarding the character HET1, 11 hybrid heerosis had satisfactory results, with negative values for the following heteeosis Diallel analyses and estimation of genetic parameters of hot pepper Capsicum chinense Jacq. Parent F KG6 had the highest fruit number per plant. Chili peppers Capsicum annuum for ornamental purpose jkrnal gained scope representing new options such as cultivation of potted plants in gardens and also as cut foliage.

Scientia Horticulturae,47— Journal of Agricultural Science, 4 11 ABSTRACT Ornamental use of Capsicum genus chili peppers has expanded due to easy seed propagation, short germination period, diversified fruit colors and harmony of potted plants.


In hybridization stage, the plants were cultivated in greenhouse structure Cardosowhen studying pollination with zucchini, suggested that the increment in number of seeds per plant is explained by the use of high quantity of pollen. Ornamental use of Capsicum genus chili peppers has expanded due to easy seed propagation, short germination period, diversified fruit colors and harmony of potted plants.

Fruit diameter had the greatest variation amplitude in averages, varying from 8. It is important to highlight that the genitors used in this diallel were indicated based on their agronomic performance and genetic divergence, according to Silva et al.

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Fifteen hybrids were obtained from diallel crosses of six genotypes of C. For flowering date, negative heterobeltiosis occurred with value ranging from Retrieved from website Farid, M. Estimation of heterosis and combining ability in maize Zea mays L. Pendugaan heterosis dan heterobeltiosis pada enam genotip cabai menggunakan analisis silang dialel penuh [Estimating heterosis and heterobeltiosis on six genotypes of chili using full diallel cross analysis].

However, these authors observed that additive effects were predominant for plant height. Positive heterosis for plant height range from 1. Tinjauan terhadap produksi, konsumsi, distribusi dan dinamika harga cabe di Indonesia [Review of production, consumption, distribution and price dynamics of chili in Indonesia].

Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil – Neliti

Fruit weight and fruit number per plant heterosis occurred successively 2. Heterosis dan daya gabung karakter agronomi cabai Capsicum annuum L. Regarding canopy diameter, there was no significant difference among treatments and values varied from The averages for HET1 varied from 6.

Analysis of variance ANOVA with basis on the averages of each treatment was conducted for quantitative data. In addition, in this regard, the authors recommend hybridization as a strategy for obtaining ornamental chili peppers.


There was a highly significant difference for all characteristics in terms of GCA and SCA, hrterosis that additive and dominance effects are important to control the studied traits. Morpho-agronomic characterization was conducted based on eight quantitative descriptors: The diverse application forms are mainly related to fruit, foliage and plant height characteristics Carvalho et al. The following fruit characteristics were evaluated: Moreover, expressive differences among genotypes were found and values varied from 21 to 31 days.

The coefficient of variation CV values were between proposed limits for Capsicum genus according to Silva et al.

Number of days to flourishing DFL was computed counting from sowing to the moment in which at least half of the plants were with a minimum of one open flower. December 07, ; Accepted: In this study, an increased number of crossings for a determined hybrid combination contributed to a greater harvested fruit number.

Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 22 1— Estimation of heterosis, dominance effect and genetic control of fresh fruit yield, quality and leaf hetersis disease severity traits of chilli pepper Capsicum annuum L. Retrieved from website Sharma, V. Regarding fruit length, the variation was from Brazilian ornamental pepper breeding program: Eight quantitative descriptors were analyzed with basis on average values of each access: