In animals that give live birth, the fetal circulation is the circulatory system of a fetus. The term usually encompasses the entire fetoplacental circulation, which. Persistent fetal circulation is a condition caused by a failure in the systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation to convert from the antenatal circulation pattern. Persistent fetal circulation (PFC), also known as persistent pulmonary to be open with a direction of the foetal flow from the pulmonary artery to the aorta” (3).

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Persistent fetal circulation

Vitelline veins Vitelline arteries. The placenta must therefore receive deoxygenated blood from the fetal systemic organs and return its oxygen rich venous drainage to the fetal systemic arterial circulation. At birth, several factors are involved in the cessation of the placental circulation. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

On the other hand the removal of the placenta causes an increase in circulation foetale resistance of the systemic circulation and hence an increase in the pressure foetzle the left side of voetale heart. Williams and Wilkins, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. When the baby is born, the lungs are needed for oxygen transfer and need high blood flow which is encouraged by low pulmonary vascular resistance. Instead, the fetus obtains oxygen and nutrients from the mother through the placenta and the umbilical cord.


The remnants of the ductus venosus form the ligamentum venosum. Circulating catecholamines, other circulating hormones and locally released vasoactive substances all play a part. The ductus arteriosus empties blood into the aorta after the artery to the head has branched off thus ensuring that the brain receives well-oxygenated blood. Indeed the neonatal cardiac index has been measured at 4. This page was last modified on 26 Mayat The red blood then returns to the fetus via the third vessel in the umbilical cord umbilical vein.

Factors affecting changes in the neonatal systemic circulation. Most of the blood that leaves the right ventricle in the fetus bypasses the lungs through the second of the two extra fetal connections known as the ductus arteriosus.

The fetal circulation system

Gas exchange must be transferred from the placenta to the lungs, the fetal circulatory shunts must close and the left ventricular output must increase. The septum secundum directs the majority of the blood entering the right atrium through foetalle foramen ovale into the left atrium.

Some of the blood moves from the aorta through the internal iliac arteries to the umbilical arteries, and re-enters the placenta, where carbon dioxide and other waste products from the fetus are taken up and enter the woman’s circulation.

Retrieved from ” https: Anomalous pulmonary venous connection TotalPartial Scimitar syndrome.

These receptors mature during early gestation independently of the autonomic innervation process, which occurs much later and is probably only completed during the neonatal period. This subsequently lowers the pressure in the pulmonary artery and the right side of the heart. Views Read Edit View history. The ductus venosus closes passively 3—10 days after birth.


Indeed the neonatal cardiac index has been measured at 4. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. Prior to birth the foetus is not capable of respiratory function and thus relies on the maternal circulation to carry out gas, nutrient and waste exchange.

Fetal Circulation

Because of this, the condition is also widely known as persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn PPHN. The blood circulation foetale circulwtion when passing through the placenta. Circulation foetale this point the flap of the foramen ovale is pushed against the atrial septum and the atrial shunt is circulation foetale closed.

Development of the circulatory system. A vicious cycle of worsening hypoxia and acidosis is then set in motion Fig. Navigation menu Personal tools For usage, see Commons:. This blood is then ejected into the pulmonary artery PA.

However, it is thought to be mediated, in part, by stimulation of pulmonary stretch receptors resulting in reflex vasodilatation. The foramen ovale is an opening between the two atria enabling blood to be channelled directly into the systemic circulation thereby bypassing the lungs.