Diodorus Siculus fl. 1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian. He is known for writing the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica. Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. 80–20 BCE, wrote forty books of world history, called Library of History, in three parts: mythical history. Diodorus opens the Fourth Book \^ith a defence of Diodorus took generously from a Praise of Heracles Uterary sources, a history of Sicily and the western.

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Alexander’s invasion of Asia: And after being storm-tossed for many days they were carried ashore on the island we mentioned above, and when they had observed its felicity and nature they caused it to be known to all men.

Before the Trojan War: The varying fortunes of Cassander in Greece, the Adriatic, and Caria.

Diodorus Siculus: Historical Library

The career of Alexander: These men sing to the accompaniment of instruments which are like lyres, biblioteca their songs may be either of praise or of obloquy. And some of them gather up their shirts with belts plated with gold or silver.

He selected the name “Bibliotheca” in acknowledgment that he was assembling a composite work from many sources. Firstly, he announces the importance of parrhesia free speech for the overall moral goal histlrica his work, insofar as he expects his frank praise of good people and criticism of bad ones will encourage his readers to behave morally.

Articles containing Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Interlanguage link template link number CS1 French-language sources fr. It is also their custom, when they are formed for battle, to step out in front of the line and to challenge the most valiant men from among their opponents to single combat, brandishing their weapons in front of them to terrify their adversaries.

LacusCurtius • Diodorus Siculus

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. In this book, Diodorus describes the geography of North Africa including Ethiopiathe gold mines of Egypt, the Persian Gulf and Libyawhere he sites mythical figures including the GorgonsAmazonsAmmon and Atlas.

As damaging as this sounds, other more contemporary classical scholars are likely to go even further. Some of them have iron cuirasses, chain-wrought, but others are satisfied with the armour which Nature has given them and go into battle naked. For the period of the Successors to Alexander, BC Books XVIII-XXhe is the chief literary authority and his history of this period assumes, therefore, an importance which it does not possess for the other years.


Introduction, text, and translation by Ctesias by Jan P. The method they employ of harvesting their grain crops is to cut off no more than the heads and store them away in roofed granges, and then each day they pick out the ripened heads and grind them, getting in this way their food. Diodorus asserts that he devoted thirty years to the composition of his history, and that he undertook a number of dangerous journeys through Europe and Asia in prosecution of his historical researches.

After that the two areas again diverge, with the Greek narrative covering the Decelean War down to the battles of Arginusae and Aigospotami, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Some of the Greek text is online at Perseus, in a mix of three editions, not linked to each other: Fairly brief notes mention Roman vibliotheca year by year, including the war bibliogheca Veii 93and the Gallic Sack Their children are usually born with bibliotyeca hair, but as they grow older the colour of their hair changes to that of their parents.

The first five books describe the history and culture of different regions, without attempting to determine the relative chronology of events.

Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica, Books I-V, book 1, chapter pr

Likewise, because they also availed themselves of powerful naval forces and were masters of the sea over a long period, they caused the sea along Italy to be named Tyrrhenian after them; and because they also perfected the organization of land forces, they were the inventors of the salpinxas it is called, a discovery of the greatest usefulness for war and named after them the “Tyrrhenian trumpet.

These are now generally agreed to be entirely Diodorus’ own work. It is arranged eiodorus three parts.

The Romans are victorious in the Third Macedonian War. Wikiquote has quotations related to: It is held by many kings and potentates, who for the most part live at peace among themselves. And it has come to pass that this shrine has been bibliotheva in an honour beyond the ordinary, both at the time of its building and in comparatively recent days down even to our own lifetime. See my copyright page for details and contact information.


The manner, then, in which the Iberians mine and work the silver is in part as follows. In this diodkrus, Diodorus describes the geography of Europe. Stronkp.

For their first labours are remunerative, thanks to the excellent quality of the earth for this sort of thing, and they are ever coming upon more splendid veins, rich in both silver and gold; for all the ground in bibljotheca region is a tangled network of veins which wind in many ways.

Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: This people, excelling as they did in manly vigour, in ancient times possessed great territory and founded many notable cities. The marvels of India. Caesar, Gallic War6. War between Athens and Syracuse. Although that author gives too much weight to folk memories, he does show that a close reading of Diodorus can support other identifications on and near the constantly changing coast of Cornwall. Hermaphroditic prodigies, unnatural intercourse, the biology of hyenas.

Books 32 to 38 or 39 probably had Poseidonius as their source. Brave warriors they reward with the choicest portions of the meat, in the same manner as the poet introduces Ajax as honoured by the chiefs after he returned djodorus from his single combat with Hector: Diodorus claims that the central subjects of the book are negative examples, who demonstrate the truth of these remarks.

Secondly, he declares that the fall of the Spartan empirewhich is described in this book, was caused by their cruel treatment of their subjects. According to his own hishorica, he was born at Agyrium in Sicily now called Agira.

Oldfather, who wrote in the introduction to his translation of Diodorus:.