Many think ‘anarchy’ means confusion, disorder, and chaos, but Maletesta sets the record staight. Errico Malatesta was a warm-hearted anarchist of widespread . Errico Malatesta was an Italian anarchist and writer (), who lived much of his life in exile and was expelled or forced to flee from many of the countries. “Towards Anarchism” by Errico Malatesta () first appeared in English in the Depression era periodical MAN! This little essay was highly regarded by.

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A government cannot rule for any length of time without hiding its true nature behind the pretense of general utility.

Towards Anarchy

And it is in the organism of every individual that all thoughts and human actions inevitably have their origin, and aanrchy being individual they become collective thoughts and acts when they are or become accepted by many individuals.

That is, for him, libertarian and egalitarian ends must be grounded in libertarian and egalitarian means. The feeling of solidarity is far from being dominant in contemporary society, and if it is true that men are and become always more united, malatest is equally true that what one sees increasingly, and which makes a deeper impression on human character, is the struggle for existence which each individual is waging daily against everybody else; it is competition which presses on everybody, workers and masters alike, and makes every man into an enemy in the eyes of anarchu neighbour.

Of course, because we know that man is the consequence of his own organism as well as of the cosmic and social environment in which he lives; because we do not confuse the inviolate right of defence with the claimed ridiculous right to punish; and since with the delinquent, that is with he who commits anti-social acts, we would not, to be sure, see the rebel slave, as happens with judges today, but the sick brother needing treatment, so mlatesta we not introduce malateata in the repression, and would make every effort not to go beyond the needs of defence, and would not think of avenging ourselves but of seeking to cure, redeem the unhappy person with all the means that science offered us.

To learn more about this differentiation, cf.

Anarchy by Errico Malatesta – Free Ebook

Malatesta then took part in the International Anarchist Congress of Amsterdamwhere he debated in particular with Pierre Monatte on the relation between anarchism and syndicalism or trade-unionism. Still it makes very compelling arguments for an anarchist society, arguments which are still surprisingly true a hundred and twenty years later.

In fact, if you divest legislation and all the operations of government of what is intended to protect the privileged, and what represents the wishes of the privileged classes alone, nothing remains but the aggregate of individual governors.

There was a problem filtering reviews right now. But because of this we do not allow our children to remain in ignorance – refusing their learning to read and write.

The rest is either used up in repressive actions to keep the rebel forces in check or is otherwise diverted from its ends of the general good and used to benefit a few at the expense of the majority of the people. A government, that is a group of people entrusted with anachy the laws and empowered to use the collective power to oblige each individual to obey them, is already a privileged class and cut off from the people.


Many and various are the theories by which men have sought to ansrchy the existence of government. After Giovanni Passannante ‘s murder attempt on the king Umberto Ithe radicals were kept under constant surveillance by the police. It was a really interesting experience even in nowadays when this sort of thought it is quite difficult to accept although to be honet I do not follow the tendency in political terms.

What can government itself add to the moral and material forces that exist in society? It is not a reason for organising society in such a way that thanks to the apathy that is the result of secured positions, thanks to birth, patronage, esprit de corps, and all the government machinery the most lively forces and real ability end up by finding themselves outside the government and almost without influence on social life; and those that attain to government, finding themselves out of their environment, and being above all interested in remaining in power, lose all possibilities of acting and only serve as an obstacle to others.

Los anarquistas han olvidado aarchy principios. The metaphysical tendency [1] which in spite of the blows it has suffered at the hands of positive science still has a strong hold on the minds of people today, so much so that many look upon government as a moral institution with a number of given qualities of reason, justice, equity which are independent of the people who are in office.

Anarchy by Errico Malatesta

Such are the objections the authoritarians face us with, even when they are socialists, that is when they want to abolish private property and the class government which it gives rise to. And therefore we say, for instance, that the economic state of the working class must be changed or that the anarchist state is the only social state based on the principle of solidarity, and other similar phrases which, coming from us who, in another context, talk of wanting to abolish the State can, at first hearing, seem fantastic or contradictory.

In times and in countries where the people believed in the need for government by one man monarchythe word republic, which is government by many, was in fact used in the sense of disorder and confusion — and this meaning is still to be found in the popular language of almost all countries. Take away the governmental violence and ours would have no reason to exist. Then inevitably the ideas and interests of that class or party will triumph, and the wishes and interests of the others will be sacrificed.

This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat It is a concession made by the bourgeoisie, both to avail itself of popular support in its struggle against the monarchical and aristocratic power as well as to dissuade the people from thinking of emancipation by giving them the illusion of sovereignty. Today the immense development of production, the growth of those requirements which can only be satisfied by the participation of large numbers of people in all countries, the means of communication, with travel becoming a commonplace, science, literature, businesses and even wars, all have drawn mankind into an ever tighter single body whose constituent parts, united among themselves, can only find fulfilment and freedom to develop through the wellbeing of the other constituent parts as well as of the whole.


The author continues, affirming: In any case we will have on events the kind of influence which will reflect our numerical strength, our energy, our intelligence and our intransigence. Rather it has had to do with preventing any one individual from oppressing the others; with giving to everyone the same rights and the same means of action.

Don’t have a Kindle? He started and participated in anarchist organisations, mass movements, insurrections and initiatives that involved oral and written propaganda.

Although we now know — and the findings of contemporary naturalists are daily providing us with new evidence — that cooperation has played and continues to play a most important role in the development of the organic world unsuspected by those who sought, quite irrelevantly anyway, to justify bourgeois rule with Darwinian theories, yet the gulf separating the struggle of man from that of the animal kingdom remains enormous, and in direct ratio to the distance between man and the other animals.

Take away from an organ its function and either the organ dies or the function is re-established. If it appoints itself as the administrator of public services, again, as always, it looks after the interests of the rulers and the property owners and does not attend to those of the working people except where it has to because the people agree to pay.

Why give them this power to take over willy nilly the collective strength to use as they wish? Not simply because it was more or less useful to the totality of the members of society to have a government, but because the conquerors would wish to secure themselves the fruits of victory.

It is considered that social reality can be divided analytically into three spheres: So far we have considered government as it is, as it must of necessity be in a society based on privilege, exploitation and the oppression of man by man, on the conflict of interests, on the intrasocial struggle, in a word, on individual property.

Yet Man could not in one leap pass from the animal state to the human state, from the brutish struggle between man and man to the joint struggle of all men united in comradeship against the outside forces of nature. His complete works are not available, not even in Italian; 3. Parents, pedagogues and all who are concerned with the future of the young generation will come together, will discuss, will agree or divide according to the views they hold, and will put into practice the methods which they think are the best.

I give him 2 stars because I read much much worse from the socialist spectrum of politics. That is, he recognises the need for the simultaneous organisation of anarchists, as workers, in their mass popular movements, and as anarchists, in their specific anarchist political organisations.