Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic arrangements. MR. Beidelman’s problem is to determine the locus of power within the jajmani system in order that it may throw light on the controversial question of whether. 7 Nov The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term.

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The specific problem is: Marketing, the sum of activities involved in directing the flow of goods and services from producers…. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

In the jajmani system, the high caste landowning families are rendered services and products by the lower castes. He firmly believed that if in future, condition and place of lower caste improve then there will be the possibility of open conflict. Harold Gould has described the Jajmani system as inter-familial inter-caste relationship pertaining to the patterning of super- ordinate-subordinate relations between patrons and suppliers of services.

While the landowning high caste families receive services from lower castes and, in return, the members of low castes receive grains. Like the caste system, this system has become a source of suppression, exploitation and discrimination.

Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

As a result, the jajman lost the services of the kamin. It got converted sysstem Yajman and finally to Jajman. The families that provide services are known as Kamin, Kam Karney waley or Kamgars workers. It is the relationship between families that continue to exist over time.


Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

It is basically a mutual relation between the sub-ordinate and super-ordinate power sjstem society. Jajmani system is exploitative.

In villages, durable relations obtain mainly between food-producing families and the families that supply them with goods and services. According to the Jajmani System, [2] there is exchange of goods and services between landowning higher castes and landless service castes.

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The improved means of transport and communication has helped in making the market transactions easier. Sgstem Editors of Encyclopaedia Jajmwni.

All these studies revealed and confirmed the universality of this system in Rural India but they also revealed that there were minor variations in the system from regions to region. Although the Jajmani relationship seems to be between castes, in reality, it is between particular families belonging to particular castes.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The caste councils have the power to punish the jajmans and kamins, if they commit any mistake.

They are ill-treated by the Jajmans. Kamin means who works for some body or services him. This system is hereditary, so there is no possibility of changing the occupation. These relations are supposed to continue from one generation to the next, and payment is normally made in the form of a fixed share in jajjmani harvest rather than in cash. There is exploitation and coercion. A spirit of fellow feeling and brotherhood develops under this system.


Since this system is hereditary, the kamin is assured of his occupation. Kajmani studies of the Jajmani system in India have been made. Contact our editors with your feedback. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Caste, any of the ranked, hereditary, endogamous social groups, often linked with occupation, that together constitute traditional societies in South Asia, particularly among Hindus in India.

Meaning and Characteristics of Rural Leadership.

Jajmani system – Wikipedia

Even the Brahmins do not accept these lower castes as their jajmans. They try to rise up in the social ladder. Oscar Lewis who was also a popular sociologist also agreed jajmnai a Marxist view instead of Functionalist Theory. The Jajmani System is characterised by the following: Other sociologists like Harold Gould and Pauline Kolenda were in favor of both the ideologies. Ishwaran has said, that it is a system in which each caste has a role to play in a community life as a whole.

Every jaumani in the village does not happen to be a part of Jajmani system. It is the link between the landowning high caste groups and occupational castes. A slave was considered by law jajjani property,…. Jajmani system Indian culture. I am a social animal who likes to have maximum participation in any fest.

Losing of powers by the caste councils and Village Panchayats.

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